Beneath The Surface: Exploring Varied Forms Of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease has been the leading cause of tooth loss. It is a progressive destruction of the supporting structures of your teeth, namely the gums, periodontal ligament, and the alveolar bone. There are several types of periodontal disease based on the disease severity. 

Though there could be several types of periodontal disease, the dentist in Buffalo Grove and their team are skilled and trained to tackle this disease to improve the quality of your oral health. 

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is a group of infections and inflammation of the gums and bones that surround and support the teeth. It may initially begin as a mild disease manifesting with bleeding and swollen gums. But, when left untreated, it can progress to damage the underlying jawbone as well. 

What are the types of periodontal disease?

There are many forms of periodontal disease based on the severity of the infection and inflammation. These include:

  • Gingivitis
    • This is the most common and mildest form of periodontitis, where the infection is confined to the gums.
    • It is characterized by red bleeding and swollen gums. 
    • This stage is reversible if detected and treated early. 
    • Treatment includes:
      • Proper brushing and flossing
      • Professional cleaning that includes scaling and root planing.
      • Antibiotics kill bacteria and eliminate infection.
      • Medicated mouthwash to  promote healing of the gingival pockets
  • Periodontitis
    • This is an advanced gum disease that spreads below the gum line and is characterized by halitosis, periodontal pockets, and gum recession.
  • Chronic periodontitis
    • This type of periodontal disease exhibits inflammation subgingivally (below the gum line) with mild bone destruction 
    • Gum recession and periodontal pockets may develop.
    • Treatment includes:
      • Scaling and root planing
      • Antimicrobial medications
      • Pocket reduction surgery
      • Gum tissue grafting 
  • Aggressive periodontitis
    • This is the most severe form that is characterized by rapid loss of gum attachment and bone tissues. 
    • Treatment includes scaling and root planing. However, surgical intervention and laser procedures are the suggested mode of treatment in most cases. 
  • Necrotizing periodontitis
    • This form of disease is more prevalent among people suffering from HIV, immunosuppression, malnutrition, and chronic stress.
    •  Treatment includes:
      • Scaling and root planing
      • Antibiotics
      • Medicated mouthwash
      • Antifungal drugs
  • Systemic periodontitis 
    • Periodontal disease could be a symptom of any health condition affecting the rest of the body. 
    • Treatment usually includes controlling the onset of the underlying health condition. 


Periodontal disease is a rapid progressive destruction of the supporting structures of the tooth that leads to compromised oral form, function, and aesthetics. Based on the severity of the symptoms, there are several types of periodontal disease. Knowing about each is essential to help design a suitable treatment plan for you.